CIRCA - Cobb Institute Research Collection Archive


The Cobb Institute Research Collection Archive (CIRCA) provides summary information on the archaeological research collections curated by the Cobb Institute. Detailed inventories of some site collections are available to researchers upon request. Please send your request to the Institute's curator of research collections, Keith Baca, at kab151@msstate.edu. A portion of the list below represents collections of the Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, MSU, which were recovered by a variety of researchers during the past 50 years; however, the bulk of collections curated by the Cobb Institute are those owned by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District that were recovered in association with the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway construction project, which was undertaken during the 1970s-80s. 


Bolivar County Collections

Malone Site Excavation Project

This collection originated from excavations conducted sporadically from 1961-1965 by Dan Printup. Mr. Printup appears to have been a photographer and amateur archaeologist who worked at sites throughout the Midsouth.

Trinomial: 22BO552

Cultural Period: Woodland (Deasonville, Marksville)

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, floral, fired clay/daub

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 112-117

Publications: None


Chickasaw County Collections

Chickasaw County Survey Project

This collection was recovered in 1973 during a survey by James Atkinson of the Department of Anthropology at MSU within the Houlka Creek drainage of Chickasaw County. It represents a series of surface collections.

Trinomial/Cultural Period:

22CS515 (Woodland) 22CS519 (Woodland)
22CS516 (Woodland) 22CS520 (Middle Archaic and Woodland)
22CS517 (Woodland) 22CS525 (Early-Middle Archaic)
22CS518 (Woodland) 22CS526 (Late Archaic-Late Gulf-Formational)

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, fired clay

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Number: 150

Publications: None


Clay County Collections

Metzger Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during the summer of 1970 when Richard Marshall of the department of anthropology at MSU conducted a field school at the Metgzer Site in Clay County, Mississippi. The site was located about 10 miles north of the city of Starkville.

Trinomial: 22CL502 (aka 22CL500)

Cultural Period: Gulf-Formational to Mississippi

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, floral, fired clay/daub

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 1-17

Publications:
Marshall, Richard
1970  Current Research: Mississippi. In Southeastern Archaeological Conference Newsletter 14: 14-16.  Southeastern Archaeological Conference.

1985  Progress Report on Field Research, 1970: Fourth Summer Field Session in Mississippi Archaeology, Mississippi State University. In Anthology of Mississippi Archaeology, 1966-1979, edited by Patricia Galloway, pp. 122-126.  Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson.

Kellogg Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during 1979 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University under the lead of James R. Atkinson and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District. 

Trinomial: 22CL528

Cultural Period: Middle Archaic, Woodland, Mississippi

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, floral

Owner: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers: 175-247, 444-448, 658

Publications:

Atkinson, James R., John C. Phillips, and Richard Walling

1980   The Kellogg Village Site Investigations, Clay County, Mississippi.  Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University, Starkville.

Ethnoarchaeology at Waverly Plantation

In 1979 Resource Analysts, Inc. of Bloomington, Indiana began test excavations within the boundaries of the proposed Waverly Public Access area as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  William H. Adams was principal investigator.  This tract encompassed a large part of the early nineteenth century Waverly plantation.

Trinomials:  22CL521, 22CL567, 22CL568, 22CL569, 22CL571, 22CL573, 22CL575, 22CL576

Cultural Period: Historic 

Artifact Types: historics

Box Numbers:  1823-1898, 1985

Publications:

Adams, William H. (editor)

1980   Waverly Plantation: Ethnoarchaeology of a Tenant Farming Community.  Resource Analysts, Inc., Bloomington, Indiana.  Report submitted to the U.S. Department of the Interior, Heritage Recreation and Conservation Service, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

The Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project - Colbert, Barton, and Vinton

The THTP was concerned with the multi-disciplinary study of the remains of three river towns: Colbert (ca. 1830-1847), Barton (ca. 1848-1870) and Vinton (ca. 1850-1920).  They were to be affected by construction of the Barton Ferry Public Access Area on the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway.  The project was carried out in three phases by Michigan State University.  Charles E. Cleland and W. Lee Minnerly served as co-principal investigators.  Fieldwork began in 1979 and continued until 1983.

Trinomials:  22CL809 (Colbert), 22CL810 (Barton), 22CL811 (Vinton)

Cultural Period:  Historic

Artifact Types: historics

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  2179-2465, 4069-4070, 4073-4079

Publications:

McClurken, James M., and Peggy U. Anderson

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 1.

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 2.

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 3.

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 4.

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 5.

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 6.

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 7.

1981   Oral History Interview Transcripts Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume 8.

Anderson, Peggy, James M. McClurken, J. Randall Mason, Frank W. Miller, and Lee Minnerly

1982   Oral Historical, Documentary and Archaeological Investigations of Colbert, Barton, and Vinton, Mississippi: An Interim Report on Phase I of the Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume I.

1982   Oral Historical, Documentary, and Archaeological Investigations of Colbert, Barton, and Vinton, Mississippi: An Interim Report on Phase I of the Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project. Volume II.

Minnerly, W. Lee, Leah Allen, Dean L. Anderson, Stephen W. McBride, and James M. McClurken

1983   Oral Historical, Documentary, and Archaeological Investigations of Barton and Vinton, Mississippi: An Interim Report on Phase II of the Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project.

Cleland, C. E., and K. A. McBride

1983   Oral Historical, Documentary, and Archaeological Investigations of Barton and Vinton, Mississippi: An Interim Report on Phase III of the Tombigbee Historic Townsites Project

Yarborough Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered in 1980 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama under the lead of Carey B. Oakley (principal investigator) and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial:  22CL814

Cultural Period:  Early Archaic-Mississippi

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District 

Box Numbers:  1245-1441

Publications:

Solis, Carlos, and Richard Walling

1982   Archaeological Investigations at the Yarborough Site (22CL814), Clay County, Mississippi.  Report of Investigations No. 30.  Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.  Prepared for The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Sanders Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during the late 1980s as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Cobb Institute of Archaeology, Mississippi State University under the lead of John W. O'Hear and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial:  22CL917

Cultural Period:  late Gulf-Formational

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral, unprocessed soil samples

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  4043-4068, 4080-4082

Publications:

O'Hear, John W., C. Margaret Scarry, Susan L. Scott, David E. Pettry, and Paul Heartfield

1990   Archaeological Investigations at the Sanders Site (22CL917), an Alexander Midden on the Tombigbee River, Clay County, Mississippi.  Report of Investigations 6.  Cobb Institute of Archaeology, Mississippi State University, Starkville.


Hancock County Collections

Claiborne Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during the summer of 1969 when Richard Marshall of the department of anthropology at MSU conducted a field school at the Claiborne and Cedarland (see below) Sites in Hancock County, Mississippi.

Trinomial: 22HA501

Cultural Period: Late Archaic (Poverty Point)

Artifact types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), Poverty Point Objects (PPOs), fired clay, animal bone, mussel shell, floral

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 32-52

Publications:
Boudreaux, Edmond A., III
1995  Stone Tools and Debitage from the Claiborne Site: An Analysis of the Mississippi State University Collection.  In Raw Materials and Exchange in the Midsouth: Proceedings of the 16th Annual Mid-South Archaeological Conference, edited by Evan Peacock and Samuel O. Brookes, pp. 64-74.  Report No. 29.  Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, Mississippi.

Marshall, Richard A.
1969  Current Research: Mississippi. In Southeastern Archaeological Conference Newsletter 13: 22.  Southeastern Archaeological Conference.

1970  Current Research: Mississippi. In Southeastern Archaeological Conference Newsletter 14: 14-16.  Southeastern Archaeological Conference.

Cedarland Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during the summer of 1969 when Richard Marshall of the department of anthropology at MSU conducted a field school at the Claiborne (see above) and Cedarland Sites in Hancock County, Mississippi.

Trinomial: 22HA506 (aka 22HC30)

Cultural Period: Late Archaic (Poverty Point)

Artifact types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), Poverty Point Objects (PPOs), fired clay, animal bone, mussel shell, floral

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 133, 156, 157

Publications:
Marshall, Richard A.
1969  Current Research: Mississippi. In Southeastern Archaeological Conference Newsletter 13: 22.  Southeastern Archaeological Conference.

1970  Current Research: Mississippi. In Southeastern Archaeological Conference Newsletter 14: 14-16.  Southeastern Archaeological Conference.


Itawamba County Collections (see also Multiple-County Projects)

White Springs Site Excavation Project

These collections were recovered in 1979 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The project also involved investigation of the Shell Bluff site (22LO530) in Lowndes County.  The fieldwork was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, University of Southern Mississippi under the lead of David Heisler and Robert Gilbert; however, analysis and reporting were undertaken by the Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama under the lead of Eugene Futato.  All work was conducted through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial:  22IT537

Cultural Period:  Early Archaic-Mississippi (primarily Late Woodland)

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  1603-1652, 1986-1993, 3833-3835, 3875-3885, 4037

Publications:

Futato, Eugene M.

1987   Archaeological Investigations at Shell Bluff and White Springs, Two Late Woodland Sites in the Tombigbee River Multi-Resource District.  Report of Investigations 50.  Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.  Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Turtle Pond Site Excavations

These collections were recovered in 1981 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The fieldwork was undertaken by New World Research, Inc. of Pollock, Louisiana under the lead of Prentice M. Thomas, Jr. All work was conducted through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial:  22IT643

Cultural Period:  Archaic-Late Woodland

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  1976-1977

Publications:

Thomas, Prentice M., Jr., L. Janice Campbell, Carol S. Weed, Mark T. Swanson, and Kathy Bagley-Baumgartner

1982   Archaeological Investigations at the Turtle Pond Site (22IT643), Itawamba County, Mississippi.  Report of Investigations No. 66.  New World Research, Inc.  Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.


Jackson County Collections

Jackson County Excavation Project

This project was undertaken in June of 1972 by Richard Marshall of the Department of Anthropology at MSU.

Trinomials: 22JA521 (Rudloff), 22JA522 (Standard Oil), 22JA523 (Coastal Chemical), 22JA543-545 (Escatawpa I-III)

Cultural Period: Late Woodland/Mississippi (Rudloff), Unknown Aboriginal (Standard Oil), Unknown Aboriginal (Coastal Chemical), Woodland-Mississippi (Escatawpa I), Early Woodland (Escatawpa II), Late Archaic/Woodland (Escatawpa III)

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), fired clay, animal bone, mussel shell, floral

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 69-78 (Rudloff), 77-78 (Standard Oil), 77-78 (Coastal Chemical), 78 (Escatawpa I-III)

Publications: None


Lauderdale County Collections

Meridian Industrial Park Excavation Project

This collection was recovered in 1978 during Phase III mitigation of sites 22LD514 and 22LD515 by Thomas Conn of the Department of Anthropology, MSU. The project was undertaken following the discovery of the site during cultural resource survey by James Atkinson in 1976 and a 5-day Phase II testing program by Conn in 1977, who considered the site to be signifiicant and worthy of mitigation prior to the construction of the Lauderdale County Northeast Industrial Park.

Trinomials: 22LD514 and 22LD515

Cultural Period: Middle Woodland (22LD514), Late Archaic-Middle Woodland (22LD515)

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), fired clay, animal bone, mussel shell, floral

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 106-107, 111 (22LD514), 106-111 (22LD515)

Publications:
Conn, Thomas L.
1978   Archaeological Investigations at 22Ld515, Lauderdale County Northeast Industrial Park, Lauderdale County, Mississippi. Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University.

O'Hear/Lehmann Lauderdale County Excavation Project

These collections were recovered in 1984 during investigations by O'Hear and Lehmann into Tallahatta Quartzite-bearing sites in Lauderdale County.

Trinomials: 22LD521, 22LD538, 22LD539, 22LD540, 22LD541, 22LD542, 22LD543, 22LD544, 22LD545, 22LD546, 22LD547, 22LD548, 22LD549, 22LD550, 22LD551, 22LD552, 22LD553

Cultural Period: Archaic/Woodland

Artifact Types: Lithics

Owner: Cobb Institute of Archaeology

Box Numbers: 3926-4007

Publications: None


Lee County Collections

Cedar Scape Site Excavation Project

This project was undertaken in June of 1972 by Marc Rucker of the Department of Anthropology, MSU.

Trinomial: 22LE500

Cultural Period: Historic Indian (Chickasaw)

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), fired clay/daub, animal bone, mussel shell, floral

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 118-123, 134

Publications: None

Trice Site Research Project

This project was undertaken in 2002 by Jeffrey Alvey as part of his Masters thesis research within the Department of Anthropology, MSU. The collection includes materials from general and controlled surface collections, and excavation.

Trinomial: 22LE827

Cultural Period: Early-Late Archaic/Woodland (primarily Middle Archaic)

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), fired clay/daub, animal bone, mussel shell, floral

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 5028-5035

Publications:
Alvey, Jeffrey S.
2005   Middle Archaic Settlement Organization in the Upper Tombigbee Drainage: A View from the Uplands. Southeastern Archaeology 24(2): 199-208.


Lowndes County Collections (see also Multiple-County Projects)

Lowndes County Survey (1980 MSU Field School)

These general surface collections were recovered by Janet Rafferty's 1980 MSU archaeological survey field school.

Cultural Period/Trinomials:

22LO759 (Historic) 22LO760 (Late Woodland/Mississippi) 22LO761 (Historic) 22LO762 (Historic) 22LO763 (Historic)
22LO764 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO765 (Historic) 22LO766 (Historic) 22LO767 (Historic) 22LO768 (Unknown Aboriginal)
22LO769 (Late Woodland/Mississippi/Historic) 22LO770 (Historic) 22LO771 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO772 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO773 (Historic)
22LO774 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO775 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO776 (Late Woodland) 22LO777 (Late Woodland/Mississippi) 22LO778 (Unknown Aboriginal)
22LO779 (Historic) 22LO780 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO781 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO782 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO784 (Historic)
22LO785 (Historic) 22LO786 (Historic) 22LO787 (Historic) 22LO788 (Late Woodland) 22LO789 (Historic)
22LO790 (Historic) 22LO791 (Historic) 22LO792 (Historic) 22LO793 (Historic) 22LO794 (Historic)
22LO795 (Historic) 22LO796 (Historic) 22LO797 (Historic) 22LO798 (Historic) 22LO799 (Mid-Late Woodland)
22LO800 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO801 (Historic) 22LO802 (Unknown Aboriginal/Historic) 22LO803 (Historic) 22LO804 (Historic)
22LO805 (Historic) 22LO806 (Early-Mid Mississippi) 22LO807 (Historic) 22LO808 (Historic) 22LO809 (Late Woodland/Mississippi)
22LO810 (Early Mississippi) 22LO811 (Early Mississippi) 22LO812 (Historic) 22LO813 (Historic) 22LO814 (Historic)
22LO815 (Historic) 22LO816 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO817 (Historic) 22LO818 (Historic) 22LO819 (Historic)
22LO820 (Historic) 22LO821 (Unknown Aboriginal) 22LO822 (Historic) 22LO823 (Historic) 22LO824 (Historic)

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 572-581

Publications: None

Shell Bluff Site Excavation

These collections were recovered in 1979 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The project also involved investigation of the White Springs site (22IT537) in Itawamba County.  The fieldwork was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, University of Southern Mississippi under the lead of David Heisler and Robert Gilbert; however, analysis and reporting were undertaken by the Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama under the lead of Eugene Futato.  All work was conducted through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District. 

Trinomial:  22LO530

Cultural Period:  Early Archaic-Mississippi (primarily Late Woodland)

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  1442-1602

Publications:

Futato, Eugene M.

1987   Archaeological Investigations at Shell Bluff and White Springs, Two Late Woodland Sites in the Tombigbee River Multi-Resource District.  Report of Investigations 50.  Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.  Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Cofferdam Site Excavation Project

These collections were recovered in 1975 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University under the lead of Crawford Blakeman and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial: 22LO599

Cultural Period:  Archaic - Late Woodland

Artifact Types:  Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers: 365-385, 642

Publications:

Blakeman, Crawford H., James R. Atkinson, and G. Gerald Berry

1976   Archaeological Investigations at the Cofferdam Site, 22LO599, Lowndes County, Mississippi.  Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University, Starkville.

Tibbee Creek Excavation Project

These collections were recovered during 1976-1977 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University under the lead of John O'Hear and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial: 22LO600

Cultural Period:  Gulf-Formational - Mississippi (primary occupation attributed to Late Woodland - Miller III)

Artifact Types:  Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers: 327-364, 662-664

Publications:

O'Hear, John, Clark Larsen, Margaret M. Scarry, John Phillips, and Erica Simon

1981   Archaeological Salvage Excavations at the Tibbee Creek Site (22Lo600) Lowndes County, Mississippi.  Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University, Starkville.

West Port Excavation Project

This collection was recovered in 1984 from limited salvage excavations conducted at the extinct Tombigbee river town of West Port by Janet Rafferty of MSU's Department of Anthropology.  Local historian Rufus Ward had noticed a large refuse pit feature exposed in a construction area.  Dr. Rafferty was alerted and salvage excavations commenced resulting in the collections now curated by the Institute.  The site had been previously recorded during the cultural resources survey that preceded construction of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway (Atkinson and Elliott 1978); however, the authors considered the site to be ineligible for the National Register thus no mitigation work had been undertaken at the site in association with construction of the waterway. The excavation results remain largely unpublished; however, during his time as an undergraduate at MSU, John Underwood conducted an analysis of the metal and glass artifacts (see below).

References Cited

Atkinson, James R., and Jack D. Elliott

1978   A Cultural Resources Survey of Selected Construction Areas in the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway: Alabama and Mississippi, Volumes 1 and 2.  Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University.  Report submitted to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial: 22LO690

Cultural Period: Historic (the town was established in the 1830s but had largely been abandoned by the end of the century)

Artifact Types: historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, MSU

Box Numbers: 4071-4072

Publications:

Underwood, John R.

1992   West Port: An Analysis of Metal and Glass Artifacts. Unpublished ms. on file, Cobb Institute Curation Facility, Mississippi State University.

Excavations at 22LO741, A Nineteenth Century, Multipurpose, Light Industrial Site

This collection was recovered in 1981 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by Michigan State University under the lead of Michael J. Hambacher and through contract with the U.S. Department of the Interior - National Park Service.

Trinomial:  22LO741

Cultural Period: Historic

Artifact Types: historic

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  2206, 2208, 2466-2474

Publications:

Hambacher, Michael J.

1983   22Lo741: A Nineteenth Century Multipurpose Light Industrial Site in Lowndes County, Mississippi.  Michigan State University.  Report submitted to the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid Atlantic Region.


Monroe County Collections (see also Multiple-County Projects)

Okashua and Self Sites Excavation Project

These collections were recovered during 1975 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The two sites are separated by approximately eight miles.  The research was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University under the lead of Jack T. Wynn and James R. Atkinson and through contract with the U.S. Department of the Interior - National Park Service.

Trinomials: 22MO586 (Self), 22MO651 (Okashua)

Cultural Period:  Archaic - Woodland at each site

Artifact Types:  Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  Okashua (418-426), Self (427-443)

Publications:

Wynn, Jack T., and James R. Atkinson

1976   Archaeology of the Okashua and Self Sites, Mississippi.  Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University, Starkville.

East Aberdeen Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during the late 1970s as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University under the lead of Janet Rafferty and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Trinomial: 22MO819

Cultural Period: Early-Late Archaic (predominately Middle Archaic), Woodland

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral, unprocessed soil samples

Owner: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers: 248-326, 659-661

Publications:

Rafferty, Janet E., Lea B. Baker, Jack D. Elliott, Jr., and Marlesa A. Gray

1980   Archaeological Investigations at the East Aberdeen Site (22Mo819), Tombigbee River Multi-Resource District, Alabama and Mississippi.  Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University, Starkville.

Hang Kettle #1 Site Excavation Project

This project was undertaken in 1973 by Richard Marshall of the Department of Anthropology, MSU. Marshall had conducted a survey of the region (see below) in March/April of 1973 during which time the site was located. A subsequent excavation project was undertaken in July of 1973. The collection described below represents the materials collected during the survey and excavation. Results of the excavation have not been published.

Trinomial: 22MO564

Cultural Period: Middle Archaic and Protohistoric/Historic Indian

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, fossilized faunal remains, historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 147-149

Publications:
Marshall, Richard A.
1973   The Aberdeen-West Point, Mississippi and Aberdeen Substation Survey. Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University.


Noxubee County Collections

Shuqualak Watersheds Survey Project

This survey project was undertaken in April of 1971 by Richard Marshall of the Department of Anthropology, MSU.  Along with survey of the proposed project area, Marshall and his crew also recorded several other sites in the county that they were taken to by local informants.

Cultural Period/Trinomials:

Unknown Aboriginal (22NO515) Mississippi/Protohistoric (22NO519) Middle Woodland-Mississippi (22NO525)
Unknown Aboriginal (22NO516) Late Woodland/Mississippi (22NO520) Unknown Aboriginal (22NO540)
Middle Woodland (22NO517) Late Woodland/Mississippi (22NO521) Unknown Aboriginal (22NO526)
Protohistoric/Historic (22NO518) Late Archaic (22NO522)  

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), mussel shell, historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 142

Publications:
Marshall, Richard A.
1971   Shuqualak Watershed Improvement Area Survey, Noxubee County, Mississippi. Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University.

Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge Survey Project

This survey project was undertaken in 1977 and 1978 by Janet Rafferty of the Department of Anthropology, MSU. 

Cultural Period/Trinomials:

22NO554 (Historic) 22NO558 (Late Woodland, Historic) 22OK643 (Historic)
22NO555 (Middle Woodland) 22OK640 (Historic) 22OK644 (Historic)
22NO556 (Protohistoric) 22OK641 (Historic) 22WI507 (Historic)

22NO557 (Early Archaic, Gulf-Formational,
Middle-Late Woodland, Historic)

22OK642 (Late Gulf-Formational, Historic)  

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), historics

Owner: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Box Numbers: 155

Publications:
Rafferty, Janet
1978   Cultural Resource Reconnaissance and Project-Oriented Survey, Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge, Mississippi. Report submitted to Interagency Archaeological Services, Atlanta. Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University.


Oktibbeha County Collections

Lyon's Bluff

The Lyon's Bluff site has seen several seasons of excavation by researchers from MSU.  The collections held by the Cobb Institute are associated with field-school projects conducted by Richard Marshall during the late 1960s and early 1970s, and Evan Peacock (and associated graduate students) during the summers of 2001 and 2003.

Trinomial: 22OK520

Cultural Period: Mississippi - Protohistoric

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, fired clay/daub, unprocessed samples, historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: Marshall (4085-4206), Peacock (5368-5461), Seltzer (5462-5471), Bierly (5472-5480), James (5481-5484)

Publications:

Bierly, S. Marshall
2007   Terminal-Occupation Community Patterns at Lyon's Bluff (22OK520) in Oktibbeha County, Mississippi: Sedimentological, Molluscan, Artifactual and Geophysical Evidence.  Masters thesis. Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, Mississippi State University, Starkville.

James, Thomas R.
2010   Changes in Occupation at Lyon's Bluff.  Masters thesis. Department of Anthropolgy and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University, Starkville.

Marshall, Richard A.
1986   The Protohistoric Component at the Lyon's Bluff Site Complex, Oktibbeha County, Mississippi. In, The Protohistoric Period in the Mid-South: 1500-1700 -- Proceedings of the 1983 Mid-South Archaeological Conference, edited by David H. Dye and Ronald C. Brister, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Archaeological Report NO. 18, Jackson, Mississippi.

Peacock, Evan, and S. Homes Hogue
2005   A New Series of Absolute Dates from Lyon's Bluff (22OK520), East-Central Mississippi. Southeastern Archaeology 24(1): 46-58.

Seltzer, Jennifer L., and Evan Peacock
2011   Determining the Season of Mississippian House Construction from Plant Impressions in Daub.  Southeastern Archaeology 30(1): 123-133.

Fire Station Site Excavations

This collection was recovered during a small excavation project in 1976 by Crawford Blakeman of the Department of Anthropology, MSU.

Trinomial: 22OK585

Cultural Period: Protohistoric

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, fired clay/daub, historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 550-551

Publications: None

Starkville Survey Collections

For the past several decades researchers from MSU have been involved in the recording and investigation of the numerous Late Prehistoric to Early Historic Period sites that exist in the vicinity of Starkville. These efforts have been undertaken by both faculty and staff of MSU, and student projects under the supervision of faculty. The primary individuals involved in these efforts included faculty members Crawford Blakeman, Richard Marshall, Janet Rafferty, and Evan Peacock, and students Rick Walling and Rex Poole. Entry of these collections here will be on-going as they are numerous and many have not yet been cataloged.

Walling Survey Sites:

22OK703 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK775 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK800 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)
22OK720 (Middle Woodland - Historic Indian)     22OK776 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)     22OK801 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)  
22OK764 (Protohistoric - Historic Indian) 22OK777 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK802 (Woodland - Historic Indian & Historic Non-Indian)  
22OK765 (Late Mississippi - Protohistoric) 22OK778 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK816 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)  
22OK766 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK779 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK817 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)
22OK767 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK780 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK818 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)
22OK768 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK781 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK819 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)
22OK769 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK782 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK842 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)
22OK770 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK787 (Mississippi) 22OK858 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)
22OK771 (Woodland - Historic Indian) 22OK790 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK870 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)
22OK772 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK793 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK1013 (Late Mississippi - Protohistoric)
22OK773 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK797 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian)  
22OK774 (Late Mississippi - Historic Indian) 22OK798 (Woodland - Historic Indian)  

Artifact Types: These are exclusively general surface collections that consist mostly of pottery sherds and lithic debitage. Some collections contain small amounts of other kinds of materials such as bone, shell, daub, etc.

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 570

Publications: None


Quitman County Collections

Denton Site Excavation Project

This project was undertaken in 1972 by Gerald Berry of the Department of Anthropology, MSU. Results of the excavation were never published. The only reference to the undertaking is found in Connaway's (1977) report The Denton Site: A Middle Archaic Occupation in the Northern Yazoo Basin, Mississippi, which reported on MDAH's work at the site. Connaway (1977:ix) mentions that "In 1972, Mississippi State University excavated a 12-foot-deep backhoe trench across the southernmost knoll."

Trinomial: 22QU522

Cultural Period: Middle Archaic - Mississippi

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, fired clay/daub, unprocessed soil samples, historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 18-31

Publications: None


Sunflower County Collections

Powell Bayou Mound Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during a MSU field school in 1969 led by Richard Marshall of the Department of Anthropology. While the results of the project were never published by Marshall, Mary Evelyn Starr analyzed the materials during her time as a student/worker at MSU and published the articles listed below. Note: Starr claims in her articles that the field records for this project were lost. This is not true. They have been located within the Cobb Institute's curation facility since 1986.

Trinomial: 22SU516

Cultural Period: Late Woodland/Mississippi

Artifact Types:  Prehistoric lithics (debitage and tools), and ceramics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 54-56

Publications:
Starr, Mary Evelyn

1991  Powell Bayou: Part 1.  Mississippi Archaeology 26(1): 1-36.

1997 Powell Bayou (Part 2) and Dockery: Two Mississippian Components in the Sunflower Basin of Mississippi.  Mississippi Archaeology 32(2): 79-97.


Tallahatchie County Collections

Buford Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered during the summer of 1968 during a combined archaeological field school of the University of Mississippi and Mississippi State University under the direction of Richard Marshall.

Trinomial: 22TL501

Cultural Period: Woodland/Mississippi

Artifact Types:  Prehistoric lithics (debitage and tools) and ceramics, bone tools, fired clay/daub, floral remains, animal bone, mussel shell, historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 4258-4265

Publications:
Marshall, Richard A.
1988   Preliminary Archaeological Testing near Mound A, Buford (22TL501) Site, Tallahatchie County, Mississippi.  Published jointly by Cottonlandia Museum, Greenwood and Cobb Institute of Archaeology, Mississippi State University.


Tishomingo County Collections

Tishimingo State Park Survey Project

Cultural Period/Trinomials:

Unknown Aboriginal (22TS620) Unknown Aboriginal (22TS649) Late Archaic (22TS681)
Unknown Aboriginal (22TS621) Middle Woodland (22TS661) Gulf-Formational (22TS683)
Early and Late Archaic (22TS622) Unknown Aboriginal (22TS663) Gulf-Formational (22TS686)
Early Archaic (22TS623) Unknown Aboriginal (22TS672) Early-Late Archaic (22TS690)
Unknown Aboriginal (22TS628) Middle Woodland (22TS674) Middle Woodland (22TS700)
Unknown Aboriginal (22TS629) Early and Middle Archaic (22TS676) Middle Woodland (22TS701)
Unknown Aboriginal (22TS636) Late Woodland (22TS680) Middle Woodland (22TS702)

Artifact Types:  Prehistoric lithics (debitage and tools) and ceramics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 166

Publications:

Marshall, Richard A.
1974  Archaeological Survey of Tishomingo State Park and its Environs, Tishomingo County, Mississippi. Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University.

W.C. Mann Excavation Project

This collection was recovered in 1978 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Department of Anthropology, Memphis State University under the lead of David H. Dye and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Trinomial:  22TS565

Cultural Period: Paleoindian-Woodland  

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  1001-1062

Publications:

Dye, David H., and Charlotte Watrin

1985   Phase I and II Archaeological Investigations at the W. C. Mann Site (22TS565), Tishomingo County, MS: Draft Report.  Prepared for Nashville District Corps of Engineers, Project #DAC62-78-C-019.  Memphis State University, Tennessee.

F. L. Brinkley Midden Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered from 1977-1978 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The research was undertaken by the Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama by Jeffrey Otinger, Charles Hoffman, and Robert Lafferty III, and through contract with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Trinomial:  22TS729

Cultural Period:  Early Archaic-Middle Woodland

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral, unprocessed soil samples

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  1063-1244

Publications:

Otinger, Jeffrey L., Charles M. Hoffman, and Robert H. Lafferty III

1982   The F. L. Brinkley Midden (22TS729) Archaeological Investigations in the Yellow Creek Watershed, Tishomingo County, Mississippi.  Report of Investigations No. 36.  Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.  Prepared for The National Park Service, Interagency Services, Atlanta on behalf of The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.  

L.A. Strickland Site Excavation Project

These collections resulted from small-scale excavations conducted by the Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University in 1976 as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project.  The project was lead by Crawford H. Blakeman.

Trinomial: 22TS765

Cultural Period: Woodland and Historic

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral, historics

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  126-129

Publications:

O'Hear, John W., Thomas L. Conn, and Margaret Mosenfelder

1978   Archaeological Salvage Excavations at the L.A. Strickland I Site (22Ts765), Tishomingo County, Mississippi.  Department of Anthropology, Mississippi State University, Starkville.  Report prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.

Bay Springs Research Projects

These collections were recovered from a variety of sites that were to be impacted by construction of the Bay Springs lock and dam in association with the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway project.  These sites were located in areas of Tishomingo County that were to be inundated by Bay Springs Lake.  The Bay Springs Testing Project was undertaken at dozens of sites in the region and was followed by more intensive investigations at the sites listed below.

Trinomials: Emmett O'Neal (22TS954), Bay Springs Mill Sites (22TS1103-22TS1115), Bay Springs Rockshelters (22TS784, 22TS956, 22TS1095)

Cultural Periods: Emmett O'Neal (Archaic-Mississippi), Bay Springs Mill Sites (Unknown Aboriginal and Historic), Bay Springs Rockshelters (22TS784 [Middle Archaic-Woodland], 22TS956 [Early Archaic-Woodland], 22TS1095 [Late Archaic-Woodland])

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral, historics

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers: Emmett O'Neal Site (1653-1788), Bay Springs Testing (1789-1822), Bay Springs Mill (1900-1972, 1978-1984, 1994-1999), Bay Springs 7 Sites (3696-3740), Bay Springs Rockshelters (4874-4999), Bay Springs Soil Samples from 22TS954, 22TS784, 22TS992, 22TS976, and 22TS1095 (3803-3815)

Publications:

Adams, William H., Steven D. Smith, David F. Barton, Timothy B. Riordan, and Stephen Poyser

1981   Bay Springs Mill: Historical Archaeology of a Rural Mississippi Cotton Milling Community.  Resource Analysts Inc., Bloomington, Indiana.  Prepared for U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Alexander, Lawrence S.

1983   The Archaeology of the Emmett O'Neal Site (22Ts954) in the Bay Springs Lake Segment of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, Tishomingo County, Mississippi.  Report of Investigations No. 37.  Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Bennett, Jeyne, and S. Alan Skinner

1984   Archaeological Data Recovery at Bay Springs Lake, Tishomingo County, Northeast Mississippi.  AR Consultants, Dallas, Texas.  Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Lafferty, Robert H.

1981   The Bay Springs Lake Archaeological Testing Project.  Report of Investigations No. 15.  Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.  Prepared for Interagency Archaeological Services - Atlanta, National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior and Nashville District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Petersen, J.B. 

1999   Prehistory of the Bay Springs Rockshelters, Tombigbee River Multi-Resources District, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, Volume 4: Prehistoric Ceramic Artifacts.  Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh. Prepared for the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Smith, Steven D., David F. Barton, and Timothy B. Riordan

1982   Ethnoarchaeology of the Bay Springs Farmsteads: a Study of Rural American Settlement.  Resource Analysts Inc., Bloomington, Indiana.  Prepared for the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Yedlowski, J.L.

2007   Prehistory of the Bay Springs Rockshelters, Tombigbee River Multi-Resources District, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, Volume 3: Lithic Artifacts.  Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh. Prepared for the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Yedlowski, J.L., J.M. Adovasio, J. Donahue, R.C. Carlisle, K. Cushman, H.B. Rollins, J.H. Schwartz

1982   Archaeological Data Recovery at Three Rockshelters in the Tombigbee River Multi-Resource District, Alabama and Mississippi.  Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh.  Prepared for the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District.

Yedlowski, J.L., J.M. Adovasio, and F.J. Fento

1988   Prehistory of the Bay Springs Rockshelters, Tombigbee River Multi-Resources District, Tishomingo County, Mississippi, Volume 1: Environment, Excavations and Geoarchaeology.  Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh. Prepared for the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Nashville District. 


Washington County Collections

Hebe Site (aka Smythe Plantation) Excavation Project

Trinomial: 22WS521

Cultural Period: Archaic-Mississippi and Historic

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), animal bone, mussel shell, fired clay/daub, charcoal samples, historics

Owner: Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 59-68

Publications: None


Webster County Collections
 

Eupora Industrial Site Excavation Project

This collection was recovered in 1990 during Phase II testing of Eupora Industrial Site 6 that would be impacted by the proposed construction of the Eupora Industrial Park. This project was directed by Richard Marshall.

Trinomial: 22WE524

Cultural Period: Middle Archaic-Mississippi

Artifact Types: Prehistoric pottery and lithics (debitage and tools)

Owner: Cobb Institute of Archaeology, Mississippi State University

Box Numbers: 5008-5010

Publications:
Marshall, Richard A.
1990   Report of Determination of Archaeological Significance of Two Sites in the West Extension, Eupora Industrial Park, Webster County, Mississippi (MDAH Report #90-060).

 


Multiple-County Projects

Archaeological Testing Investigations at 58 Sites in the River and Canal Sections of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway

This collection was recovered as part of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway mitigation project beginning in the fall of 1978 by the Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama under the lead of co-principal investigators Carey B. Oakley and Judith A. Bense.  

Trinomials:

1Pi81 22IT577 22LO707 22MO656 22MO751 22MO828
1Pi503 22IT581 22LO710 22MO510 22MO752 22MO829
1Pi505 22IT583 22LO720 22MO696 22MO753 22MO830
22IT506 22IT590 22LO721 22MO710 22MO759 22MO772
22IT537 22LO553 22MO548 22MO725 22MO761 22MO780
22IT539 22LO692 22MO608 22MO726 22MO765 22MO792
22IT563 22LO696 22MO609 22MO732 22MO767/768 22MO796
22IT565 22LO698 Sharpley Bottom 22MO735 22MO802 22PS539
22IT575 22LO701 22MO640 22MO737 22MO826 22PS541
22IT576 22LO702 22MO650 22MO750 22MO827 22PS542

Cultural Periods:  Various

Artifact Types:  prehistoric pottery, lithics (debitage and tools), faunal, floral, historics

Owner:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District

Box Numbers:  2000-2175

Publications:

Bense, Judith A.

1982   Archaeological Investigations at 58 Sites in the River and Canal Sections of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway.  Report of Investigations No. 18.  Office of Archaeological Research, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.  Prepared for The National Park Service, Southwest Region, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District.